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Punjab is predominantly an agricultural State, with 83% of the total geographical area is under agriculture. The major chunk the forest area is in the Punjab Shiwaliks spreading between rivers Ravi and Ghaggar in a North East direction. The remaining forest area is in blocks in plains and along railway lines, roads and canals strips.

As per the Champion & Seth Classification of Forest types (1968), the forests in Punjab belong to three Forest Type Groups i.e. Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests, Tropical Thorn Forests and Subtropical Pine Forests which are further divided into seven Forest Types.

NORTHERN DRY MIXED DECIDUOUS FOREST

In this tpye of forest ,the vegetation tends to be xerophytic in nature and there is preponderance of species like acacia catechu,acacia nilotica,Acacia leuphloea and Andogeissus latifolia.The scrubs found as parts of the state Dendrocalamus strictus is found mixed with Anogeissus latifolia,Lenea grans,Terminalia alata etc.Seral stages of khair-sissoo forests are found along the streams.

DRY DECIDUOUS SCRUB FORESTS

The majority of areas in the kandi tract fall under this type.The main species are khair and shisham along with Bombax ceiba, Emblica officinalis,Lannea grandis,Toona cilists Azadiracahta,indica,Diospyros tomentosa,Cassia fistula,Acacia nilotica etc.

KHAIR SISSOO FORESTS IN FOOT-HILLS,BELAAND MAND AREAS

These are mostly man made forests as a result of planting in the foothills, belaand mamnd areas.Khair and sissoo are the main species supplemented by Eucalyptus hybrid planted over substantial areas,Groves of mango trees are also found in many forests.

SHIWALIK CHIR PINE FOREST

In these forests,pinus roxburghii is found at elevations of 850 m and above.The associate species are Terminalia alata,Terminalia bellerica,Terminalia chebula,Emblica officinalis,Anogeissus latifola etc.

DRY BAMBOO BRAKES (5E/9)

Only one species Dendrocalamus strictus occurs in such forests and forms relatively low brakes with a sprinkling of the trees and shrubs of dry deciduous forests such as anogeissus latifolia, lannea coromandelica etc.

SUB TROPICAL EUPHORBIA SCRUB

Euphorbia royleana forms co-associations sometimes of considerable extent. Their distribution is related to edaphic factors, notably in dry rocky patches, where biotic pressure has been high.